Germany is the most popular and economically powerful nation. The country attracts many people yearly who visit to live temporarily or settle permanently. The German authorities process millions of visa applications every year. There is no doubt the figures have decreased in recent years due to covid-19 travel restrictions. However, the numbers are expected to increase again in the coming years. People who are from European countries can travel and live in Germany without any visa and permit restrictions.
However, anyone from outside Germany needs a visa if they want to visit the country. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees is the government agency responsible for issuing visas and integrating the new arrivals in Germany.
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Types of German Visas
There usually are two types of German visas.
- Short Stay Visas: These are known as Schengen type C visas which allow you to stay for up to 90 days.
- Long Stay Visas: These are National type D visas, enabling you to stay over 90 days.
Let’s talk about the types of German visas in brief. You’ll learn about the visa types according to your stay in Germany.
A tourist visa is for a short stay in Germany. This visa can be used for vacations and visits to family or friends. To get this visa, you need to provide proof of relationship if you will stay with relatives after arriving in Germany. If you are traveling on an official tour, you need to show a letter from the tour organizer. If the people with whom you will stay after your arrival are covering any of your expenses. In that case, you need to show bank statements and receipts as evidence of sufficient funding.
Job Seeker Visa
The job seeker visa is applicable for an extended stay in Germany. Graduates or skilled workers with any vocational qualifications can get a job seeker visa. It is a work visa; you can look for a job on this visa. It is applicable for up to six months in Germany. Germany requires skilled workers in most sectors and professions. The requirement is specialized in manufacturing, engineering, health, and IT sectors. The federal government is trying to find other solutions to fill the labor gaps. The main idea is to get more qualified foreigners from abroad. That’s how people come to Germany to attend the interviews and find a job. The job seekers are not allowed to work in Germany under a job seeker visa. Once you get a job offer from the employer, you can quickly switch to a German work visa.
An employment visa is also known as a work visa in Germany. It is an extended stay visa type. A work visa lasts as long as your job contract, which can be up to five years. After this, people can apply for a permanent German residence permit. There are different types of work-related visas for people who want to work for a long time in Germany. Please have a look at it.
- Skilled workers with vocational qualifications. This is for qualified workers in vocational fields such as hospitality, construction, and plumbing.
- Graduate workers, this one is for the qualified workers for degree level.
- Skilled workers without training and qualifications. The workers are IT specialists with three years of experience.
- Scientists who are researchers and Ph.D. students.
- Intra corporate transfer employees, especially the trainees, managers, and specialists.
- Self-employment and freelancing. People can start their own businesses. They need to show proof of funding, and your idea should benefit the German economy. Freelancers need to establish a license to practice one of the liberal professions.
- Internships, this one is for the students who want to carry out professional work experience.
- Working holidays, the citizens of certain countries aged between 18 to 30 can participate in a program that lasts for twelve months.
- By volunteering, people can take part in European voluntary service activities.
- Visa for citizens of specific countries. The citizens of sixteen countries can quickly get a residence permit without any qualifications if they have a job offer in Germany.
The EU blue card visa is one of the extended-stay visas. It is for the work and residence permit in Germany. This visa can be issued to highly skilled individuals. The blue card visa allows people to work in professions with future prospects. In the beginning, people could live and work in Germany for up to four years. Later, people can extend their stay if they meet the requirements. To get an EU blue card visa, you must apply for an employment visa or a job seeker visa from a German embassy. It helps you show the immigration authorities that you have entered Germany legally with the intention of work. Within three months, once you arrive in Germany, you can apply for the EU blue card visa at the German immigration office.
Family Reunion Visa
The family reunion visa is also for the extended stay in Germany. Spouses and dependent children under eighteen can apply for a family reunion visa in Germany. They need to meet the specific conditions to be eligible for the family reunion visa. Apart from this, the relatives can also apply for this visa. Let’s see who can apply for it.
- Family members of German citizens: The people who are German natives, their parents, and dependent children below age eighteen are eligible for the family reunion visa in Germany. Additionally, the dependent relatives can apply for this visa under particular circumstances.
- Relative of European citizens: The children under 18 to 21, grandchildren, parents, and grandparents can apply for the family reunion visa if they are dependent. The European countries’ citizens should be employed in Germany; only then their family members can be eligible to apply for this visa.
- Family members of other country citizens: The citizens of the other countries and their dependent family members can apply for the family reunion visa under certain circumstances.
The family members arriving on a family reunion visa can look for a job in Germany. The people traveling as dependent need to prove that the relative they are joining has enough money to support them. They need to stay in the same household as a family unit.
In a Nutshell
We have talked about the different and main visa types in this guide. You can go through it and apply for the visa per your requirement. Further, we will talk in detail about each visa. By following the guide, you will learn about the requirements, eligibility criteria, application procedure, and the required documents for each visa type. This guide is to give you information about each visa type. This basic information will help you to understand the concept of the German visa types.