There is no doubt that moving to Germany could be your exciting adventure. Germany is a country that is full of diverse people. Here the opportunities are endless that you can’t even think of them. The country is famous for its gorgeous cities and beautiful nature. You will enjoy every moment once you move to Germany. You have to go through a few processes to stay in the country and get a residence permit.
Here we are introducing the procedures and the ways to get a residence permit in Germany. This information will help you a lot to settle down in the country.
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What is a Residence Permit?
The foreigners coming to Germany for holiday purposes don’t need to worry about a residence permit. You can get a tourist visa, which allows you to stay in the country for 90 days. A tourist visa gives you enough time to explore the country. A residence permit is required if you want to stay beyond 90 days.
It allows you to stay for a longer period than 90 days. During this period you can study, work and engage in more activities while staying in the country. Primarily, you need to figure out whether you need a residence permit or not. People from EU countries; Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, don’t require a residence permit. Otherwise, all other foreign citizens need a residence permit to stay more than 90 days in Germany.
Most foreigners need to apply for a residence permit for Germany from their native countries. Else they can get a Schengen visa to visit the country for 90 days. German law has permitted some countries to visit without a visa for the first 90 days. The natives of these countries can apply for a residence permit while staying in Germany.
Every German residence permit has different requirements to fulfill. Expert immigration lawyers can provide legal advice about all residence permits. You can visit the German immigration center to find out about their services and contact them to seek an expert legal oversight when preparing the residence permit application.
Types of German Residence Permits
There are various types of German residence permits that depend on your tenure to stay and your requirements. Usually, there are two types of residence permits that allow you to stay in Germany for different periods.
Temporary Residence Permit
You can understand by the name that a temporary residence permit is for a shorter stay in Germany. This permit allows you to stay for one year in the country. It can be extended if you plan to stay longer than one year. To apply for it, you should have a reason to stay longer, and it is mandatory to follow the rules which your visa permits you. You can’t work in the country if you have a temporary residence permit for your studies. It applies visa-versa as well.
Most foreigners get a temporary residence permit. Suppose you want to go for permanent residence in Germany. In that case, one of the requirements is that you should have held the temporary residence permit for a specific period.
There are three primary reasons why anyone wants to apply for a temporary residence permit. Let’s have a look at them.
- Employment Purposes: If you are looking for a job in Germany, you can qualify for a temporary residence permit. You can apply for it once you get an employment offer letter. You need to fulfill the requirements before being allowed to work in Germany, along with a residence permit.
- Study Purposes: This permit is also for the students for are completing their studies in Germany. A temporary residence permit will be offered to the students according to the length of their program. They have permission to work for 120 days full-time and 240 days part-time during their studies. However, students can’t opt for long-term work contracts.
- Marriage Purposes: You still need a temporary residence permit if you marry a German citizen or a person who has a permanent residence in Germany to stay in the country. Same-sex couples are also eligible to get temporary residence permits after marriage.
Permanent Residence Permit
The people who want to stay in the country as long as they want, need to apply for a German permanent residence permit. This permit allows you to work in Germany and travel in and out of the country whenever you want.
The people who hold the temporary residence permit for a few years or the EU blue card are eligible to get the permanent residence permit. They need to show proof of employment for a few years, and their job should be approved by the Federal Employment agency. They have contributed to the government and paid the necessary taxes. Moreover, proficiency in the German language is also required.
Your spouse and children can join if you have a permanent residence permit. Initially, they will get a temporary residence permit. After a few years, they will be eligible for a permanent residence permit.
Documents Needed For Resident Permit in Germany
To apply for any German resident permit, you need to fulfill a few requirements and provide some important documents. Below is the list; please have a look.
- You should have a valid passport from another country.
- You shouldn’t have any criminal record.
- German proficiency is required at least a B1 level.
- German health insurance is mandatory.
- You should pass a health check-up to prove that you are healthy enough to work or study in the country.
- Financial stability is required to support yourself and your family.
- If you plan to work in Germany, you should have a letter with a job offer and a description from the employer.
- Students who plan to study in Germany should have proof of admission to the university.
- People joining their spouses in Germany should have a marriage certificate.
You can start your application process once you complete all these requirements and the documents. It is advisable to have a German immigration lawyer who will ensure that your application follows the requirements. It helps you to increase the chances of a successful application.
How to Apply for a Residence Permit in Germany?
You must follow the steps below to apply for a residence permit in Germany.
- Register Your German Address: Within the first 90 days, you should register your new German address with the authorities. If you failed to register your address, you could get fined, and your application might be denied. Once you complete the requirement, you will get the certificate, and you need to attach it to your documents.
- Health Insurance and Bank Account: German company insurance is required to apply for the residence permit. A German bank account is mandatory with sufficient funds to prove your financial stability. By doing this, you can get the bank statement to attach to your documents.
- Fill Out an Application Form and Set an Appointment: You can apply and get an application form from your local immigration office. Once you fill out the form, set an appointment to avoid the wait time of 90 days. Because immigration offices in Germany are always crowded and the waiting time could be extended.
- Attend Your Appointment: Appear for the appointment early with a complete documentation file without missing anything. The interview will be for around 10 minutes. If your document file is complete, then the officer will ask you to go home, and the file will be sent for processing. In case of missing documents, you need to set an appointment again and appear with the additional documents.
The application processing time could be two or three weeks. Once you get the permit, you can stay in Germany for the time it grants you. In the case of application denial, you need to check for the reasons, and next time prepare your application free of any mistakes.
Now you have understood the German residence permit types and can apply for it according to your requirements to stay in Germany. Once you have all the required documents, the application passing process will be straightforward.